International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences
Volume 2006 (2006), Article ID 28492, 6 pages

Covariance of the number of real zeros of a random trigonometric polynomial

K. Farahmand1 and M. Sambandham2

1Department of Mathematics, University of Ulster at Jordanstown, Co. Antrim BT37 0QB, United Kingdom
2Department of Mathematics, Morehouse College, Atlanta, GA 30314, USA

Received 8 March 2006; Accepted 26 March 2006

Copyright © 2006 K. Farahmand and M. Sambandham. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


For random coefficients aj and bj we consider a random trigonometric polynomial defined as Tn(θ)=j=0n{ajcosjθ+bjsinjθ}. The expected number of real zeros of Tn(θ) in the interval (0,2π) can be easily obtained. In this note we show that this number is in fact n/3. However the variance of the above number is not known. This note presents a method which leads to the asymptotic value for the covariance of the number of real zeros of the above polynomial in intervals (0,π) and (π,2π). It can be seen that our method in fact remains valid to obtain the result for any two disjoint intervals. The applicability of our method to the classical random trigonometric polynomial, defined as Pn(θ)=j=0naj(ω)cosjθ, is also discussed. Tn(θ) has the advantage on Pn(θ) of being stationary, with respect to θ, for which, therefore, a more advanced method developed could be used to yield the results.