International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 541934, 18 pages
Research Article

Eigenfunctions and Fundamental Solutions of the Fractional Two-Parameter Laplacian

Department of Pure Mathematics, Faculty of Science, University of Porto, Campo Alegre street, 687, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal

Received 5 November 2009; Accepted 22 February 2010

Academic Editor: Nak Cho

Copyright © 2010 Semyon Yakubovich. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We deal with the following fractional generalization of the Laplace equation for rectangular domains (x,y)(x0,X0)×(y0,Y0)+×+, which is associated with the Riemann-Liouville fractional derivatives Δα,βu(x,y)=λu(x,y), Δα,β:=Dx0+1+α+Dy0+1+β, where λ, (α,β)[0,1]×[0,1]. Reducing the left-hand side of this equation to the sum of fractional integrals by x and y, we then use the operational technique for the conventional right-sided Laplace transformation and its extension to generalized functions to describe a complete family of eigenfunctions and fundamental solutions of the operator Δα,β in classes of functions represented by the left-sided fractional integral of a summable function or just admitting a summable fractional derivative. A symbolic operational form of the solutions in terms of the Mittag-Leffler functions is exhibited. The case of the separation of variables is also considered. An analog of the fractional logarithmic solution is presented. Classical particular cases of solutions are demonstrated.