Colloquium/Seminars

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Colloquium

Title

Japanese version only

Date

2022.1.26 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Kenji Fukaya (Stony Brook University)

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/hgJoepgKGP8La5py6)
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 24th January.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

Determination of Arthur type representations of p-adic symplectic groups

Date

2022.1.12 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Rm111, Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University

Speaker

Hiraku Atobe (Hokkaido University)

Abstract

 Automorphic forms and representations play an important role in modern number theory. As local components of automorphic representations, some but not all irreducible representations of a p-adic reductive group appear. Irreducible representations which can be realized as local components of square integrable automorphic representations are called of Arthur type, and are also expected to play a central role in the unitary dual problem. In this talk, I will explain an algorithm to determine whether a given irreducible representation of p-adic symplectic group is of Arthur type or not.

Comment Registration:
This colloquium talk will take place face-to-face. Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/X8pD2HPDnFS55mj1A )
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 3th January. The number of participants might be limited.

Title

Geometric construction of derived Hall algebra

Date

2021.12.22 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Shintaro Yanagida (Nagoya University)

Abstract

 I will explain a geometric formulation of derived Hall algebras using the theory of derived categories of constructible sheaves on geometric derived stacks. The talk is based on my preprint "Geometric derived Hall algebra" (arXiv:1912.05442).
 The derived Hall algebra, introduced by Toen (2006), is a version of Ringel-Hall algebra. Very roughly speaking, it is a ``Hall algebra of complexes''. In the case of the ordinary Ringel-Hall algebra of a finitary abelian category, we know Lusztig's geometric formulation, which uses the theory of derived categories of constructible sheaves on moduli spaces of objects in the abelian category, which are realized as algebraic stacks. Such a theory of derived category was established by Laszlo and Olson.
 In the case of derived Hall algebra, the moduli spaces of complexes are considered, which are realized as geometric derived stacks by the works of Toen-Vezzosi and Toen-Vaquie. Thus, we need a theory of constructible sheaves, derived categories and derived functors on geometric derived stacks. I will explain the outline of my formulation of such a theory, which uses derived algebraic geometry.

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/swshmF4dwsoV4bUR8)
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 20th December.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

Gauge theory on four-orbifolds and its applications

Date

2021.12.15 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Yoshihiro Fukumoto (Ritsumeikan University)

Abstract

 In 1980's, R. Fintushel and R. Stern investigated Donaldson theory on 4-orbifolds to obtain an obstruction for certain homology 3-spheres to bound smooth homology 4-balls. This depends on the fact that Donaldson's diagonalization theorem for negative-definite intersection forms on closed smooth 4-manifold cannot be applied without any change for closed 4-orbifolds. On 4-orbifolds, we can also take the instanton number to be small rational number so that the bubbles occurs only on singular points of orbifolds. If we consider Seiberg-Witten theory in the parallel setting, we obtain almost identical results without discussion for handling bubble phenomena since there is no such possibility. Depending on geometric objects under discussion, we can capture them directly with Donaldson theory but not so with Seiberg-Witten theory, and vise versa. In this talk, we focus on these aspects of both theories to give the following examples of applications of gauge theory on 4-orbifolds.
1) Fintushel-Stern invariant and its analog for Seiberg-Witten theory.
2) Existence of a flat connection on negative-definite 4-orbifolds. (Donaldson theory)
3) 10/8-inequlity on spin 4-orbifolds and its applications. (Seiberg-Witten theory)

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/GrDAA8KJbzvHpjF99)
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 13th December.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

Recent development of the minimal model theory

Date

2021.12.8 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Yoshinori Gongyo (The University of Tokyo)

Abstract

 I will report some recent development of the minimal model theory for projective algebraic varieties. The minimal model theory, which starts from 70’s and 80’s, was developed in the last of 00’s to the beginning of 10’s by showing the existence of flip and the finite generation of canonical rings after Birkar–Cascini–Hacon–Mckernan. One of the key point in their strategy is to involve the base point freeness for pluri canonical bundles for induction on dimension. Now we are struggling to figure out how to cover the minimal model theory beyond Birkar–Cascini–Hacon–Mckernan. I would like to discuss the approach which is a generalization of Birkar–Cascini–Hacon–Mckernan and a more local approach by minimal log discrepancies after Shokurov, which based on the conjectures of him and Ambro.

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/ueKXwu662okdvQZ97)
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 6th December.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

A study of the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group from the viewpoint of anabelian geometry

Date

2021.12.1 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Shota Tsujimura (RIMS, Kyoto university)

Abstract

 I will talk about a recent development of the study of the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group via combinatorial anabelian geometry. Especially, I will explain some applications of combinatorial anabelian geometry to a famous problem of the comparison between the absolute Galois group of the field of rational numbers [which is an arithmetic object] and the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group [which is a combinatorial object].

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/BD5cKHyyfzeo7yYb6)
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 29th November.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

pulse dynamics on a star graph region

Date

2021.11.10 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Shin-ichiro Ei (Hokkaido University)

Abstract

 We consider a star-shaped region consisting of half-lines imposed by the Kirchhoff boundary conditions at the junctions, and then consider the various motions of the pulse-like localized solutions that appear in the reaction-diffusion models. In this talk, I will show that the interaction between pulses and junctions is determined by the interaction between pulses. As a result, repulsive interactions of pulses induce the attracted motion to the junction. We also discuss the motion of multiple pulses in a star-shaped region.

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/L9FNtmMnmQtoW2cbA)
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 8th November.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

On integral p-adic cohomology theory

Date

2021.10.27 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Atsushi Shiho (University of Tokyo)

Abstract

 When an algebraic variety over a perfect field k of positive characteristic p is proper and smooth, its crystalline cohomology is a finitely generated W-module (W is the Witt ring of k) and it gives a good p-adic cohomology theory. However, when the variety is non-proper or non-smooth, it is not necessarily a finitely generated W-module. On the other hand, rigid cohomology is a good p-adic cohomology theory which is a finite-dimensional K-vector space (K is the fraction field of W) for any algebraic variety over k, but it does not define a finitely generated W-module strucure (integral structure).
In this talk, we explain several approaches to define an integral p-adic cohomology theory for possibly non-proper and non-smooth algebraic varieties which is compatible with log crystalline cohomology and rigid cohomology. This is joint work with Veronika Ertl and Johannes Sprang.

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/12RF5mmou2GP34US6)
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 25th October.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

Paracontrolled calculus and regularity structures

Date

2021.10.20 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Masato Hoshino (Osaka University)

Abstract

 In the past several years, the study of singular stochastic PDEs has significantly progressed by two groundbreaking theories: the theory of regularity structures by Hairer and the paracontrolled calculus by Gubinelli, Imkeller, and Perkowski. In this talk, we prove the equivalence statement between some notions of these theories under slightly restrictive but harmless assumptions, which are naturally satisfied by the regularity structures introduced by Bruned, Hairer, and Zambotti for the study of a large class of singular stochastic PDEs.
This talk is based on a joint work with Ismaël Bailleul (Université Rennes 1).

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/YaNVR1LdL3j1Bz2y6)
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 18th October.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

Analysis of Laplacians on fractals

Date

2021.10.13 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Naotaka Kajino (RIMS, Kyoto University)

Abstract

 The research field of analysis of Laplacians on fractals is aimed at establishing rigorous mathematical theory of description and analysis of fundamental physical phenomena like heat conduction and wave propagation. Since the usual notion of partial derivatives do not make sense on fractals, it is a highly non-trivial problem how one should define a canonical ``Laplacian'' on a given fractal (and what criteria one should apply to decide whether it is ``canonical''). Answering this question requires careful thoughts on the geometric features of individual fractals and has been successfully achieved only for limited classes of fractals, although the speaker has made some progress in the last several years.
 The first half of this talk will discuss the classical case of Euclidean self-similar fractals studied extensively since late 1980s, explain the construction of Laplacians and present fundamental results such as asymptotic behavior of the heat kernel and the eigenvalues. Then the latter half will present the speaker's recent results, obtained by his studies since 2015, that ``a geometrically canonical Laplacian can be constructed and satisfies Weyl's eigenvalue asymptotics'' on (some examples of) circle packing fractals invariant under the action of certain Kleinian groups (discrete groups of Moebius transformations on the Riemann sphere). Here the principal order term of the eigenvalue asymptotics is given in terms of the Hausdorff dimension and measure of the fractal, which is the central reason why this Laplacian is considered as ``geometrically canonical''.

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/P9c7MDrnzGkM4Yz28)
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 11th October.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

Towards Function theory on Teichmüller space

Date

2021.7.14 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Hideki Miyachi (Kanazawa University)

Abstract

 Teichmüller space is the moduli space of marked Riemann surfaces, and is realized as a bounded domain in the complex Euclidean space under the natural complex structure. It is natural to develop the function theory on Teichmüller space. In this talk, we will give a recent progress on the study of Function theory on Teichmüller space.

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/KD6Ph2VTQXcZktpU7)
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 12th July.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

Crystalline mean curvature flow with a volume constraint

Date

2021.7.7 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Norbert Pozar (Kanazawa University)

Abstract

 In this talk I will discuss new results on the crystalline mean curvature flow with nonlocal forcing given by a volume constraint. We establish existence of solutions for initial data with a certain reflection property given by the symmetries of the Wulff shape, which we show is preserved in the evolution. This talk is based on joint work with Inwon Kim and Dohyun Kwon.

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/zGLcbxp86Lyqjspu9 )
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 5th July.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

On the extension problem of quasimorphisms on groups

Date

2021.6.30 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Takahiro Matsushita (University of the Ryukyus)

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://forms.gle/1fKXvmGWm9DP1D5T6 )
by 6:00 p.m. on Monday 28th June.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

Long time behavior of solution to the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with delta potential

Date

2021.6.23 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Junichi Segata (Kyushu University)

Abstract

 We summarize recent progress on long time behavior of solution to the one dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation with a delta potential. We first consider the case where potential is repulsive and prove the (modified) scattering for small global solutions. Next we mention the case where potential is attractive and establish the asymptotic stability of the family of solitary waves.

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSc8FpWeemlS-z3xONlrd2xJUqS34ZXS-Hx8EoOFUg2Jv2zCcg/viewform?usp=sf_link )
by 6:00 p.m. on Friday 18th June.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

Homological mirror symmetry and the gamma integral structures for invertible polynomials

Date

2021.6.9 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Atsushi Takahashi (Osaka University)

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSc8FpWeemlS-z3xONlrd2xJUqS34ZXS-Hx8EoOFUg2Jv2zCcg/viewform?usp=sf_link )
by 6:00 p.m. on Friday 4th June.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

A default contagion model for pricing defaultable bonds from an information based perspective

Date

2021.6.2 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Zoom

Speaker

Hidetoshi Nakagawa (Hitotsubashi University)

Abstract

(Joint research with Prof. Dr. Hideyuki Takada)
 In this study, we introduce an extended model of the information based model of credit risk proposed by Brody, Hughston and Macrina (2010) to a multi-name case to investigate how default contagion risk influences the price fluctuation of defaultable discount bonds. Under the model with a couple of obligors, we derive a stochastic differential equation for one defaultable zero-recovery discount bond price process to reflect default contagion risk of a counterpart debt obligor. As a consequence, we find that the excess rate of the return in the trend term of the bond consists of not only the issuer's hazard rate but also the counterpart obligor's hazard rate adjusted with the "pseudo-default loss" rate. We also find that the bond price can jump at the default time of the counterpart by the amount dependent on the correlation between the issuer and the counterpart. Moreover, we numerically examine the impact of default contagion risk on some bond price components within the model.
Reference :
 Hidetoshi Nakagawa and Hideyuki Takada, "A default contagion model for pricing defaultable bonds from an information based perspective," FS-2020-E-001,HUB FS Working paper series (submitted)
URL http://www.fs.hub.hit-u.ac.jp/inc/files/staff-research/workingpaper/FS-2020-E-001.pdf

Comment Registration:
Please register using the form ( https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSc8FpWeemlS-z3xONlrd2xJUqS34ZXS-Hx8EoOFUg2Jv2zCcg/viewform?usp=sf_link )
by 6:00 p.m. on Friday 28th May.
The colloquium will take place online, and can be accessed via a course site on PandA. The access to the course site will be granted once your registration is confirmed.

Title

Hamilton-Jacobi equations on metric spaces

Date

2021.4.21 (Wed) 16:45-17:45   

Place

Rm420, Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University

Speaker

Atsushi Nakayasu (Kyoto University)

Comment * Participants are encouraged to wash hands frequently, wear a mask.
* The capacities of seminar rooms are reduced so that sufficient distance among participants can be maintained.
* Note that under our health policy, persons with some typical symptoms (continued cough, fatigue or temperature 1℃ higher than normal) are not allowed in the building.
* Please fill in the participant list at the venue.
* No beverage or snacks should be served in meetings.

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